The first national park in the world was Yellowstone National Park. This American national park is located in the western United States, with having parts in various areas, such as Montana, Wyoming, and Idaho. The park is part of the ecoregion of the South Central Rockies forests.
Yellowstone Park is famous for its wildlife, many geothermal features, such as one of its most popular an Old Faithful geyser. Besides, the park represents various types of biomes, in which the most abundant one is the subalpine forest, also there you can find a diverse flora, and fauna too. Furthermore, there are hundreds of species of mammals, fish, reptiles, birds, and amphibians. Wolves, Grizzly bears, bison, and elk live in this park. The vast grasslands and forests also consist of unique species of plants.
Yellowstone Park is the most famous and most significant megafauna location in the United States. It covers an area of 3,468.4 square miles (8,983 km2), including rivers, lakes, canyons, and mountain ranges.
In North America, Yellowstone Lake tends to be one of the largest high-elevation lakes, which is centered over the Yellowstone Calder - the continent's largest supervolcano.
The park is the center of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, which is the largest remaining nearly-intact ecosystem in the northern temperate zone of the Earth. Notably, Yellowstone was categorized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1978.
On March 1, 1872, the U.S. Congress established the Yellowstone National Park, which was signed into law by President Ulysses S. Grant.
The park takes its historical name from the headwaters of the Yellowstone River. In the 18th century, French hunter name the river "Roche Jaune," which means "Yellow Rock River"; Later, Native American hunters rendered the French name into English as "Yellow Stone."
Yellowstone Park Facts
- The World's First National Park.
- It occupies 2,219,789 acres (Larger than Delaware and Rhode Island combined).
- Wildlife - 7 species of ungulates (such as moose, elk, bison, pronghorn), two species of bear, 67 species of mammals, 16 species of fish, and has 322 species of birds.
- Plants - over 1,100 species of native plants, over 400 species of thermophiles, and around 200 species of exotic plants are represented.
- Geology - over 10,000 thermal features, and more than 300 geysers are available.
- It has one of the world's most extensive petrified forests.
- It has over 290 waterfalls, along with the 308' Lower Falls of the Yellowstone River.
- Yellowstone Lake is the largest 132 sq. mi. high altitude (7,732').
- It has nine visitor centers.
- It has 12 campgrounds and over 2,000 campsites.